linux常用命令

网络相关

netstat 查看网络状态

常用组合:

1
netstat --tcp -4 --numeric -all --program # 简写 netstat -t4nap
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
usage: netstat [-vWeenNcCF] [<Af>] -r
netstat {-V|--version|-h|--help}
netstat [-vWnNcaeol] [<Socket> ...]
netstat { [-vWeenNac] -I[<Iface>] | [-veenNac] -i | [-cnNe] -M | -s [-6tuw] } [delay]

<Socket>={-t|--tcp} {-u|--udp} {-U|--udplite} {-S|--sctp} {-w|--raw} {-x|--unix} --ax25 --ipx --netrom
<AF>=Use '-6|-4' or '-A <af>' or '--<af>'; default: inet
List of possible address families (which support routing): inet (DARPA Internet) inet6 (IPv6) ax25 (AMPR AX.25) netrom (AMPR NET/ROM) ipx (Novell IPX) ddp (Appletalk DDP) x25 (CCITT X.25)

-r, --route display routing table
-I, --interfaces=<Iface> display interface table for <Iface>
-i, --interfaces display interface table
-g, --groups display multicast group memberships
-s, --statistics display networking statistics (like SNMP)
-M, --masquerade display masqueraded connections

-v, --verbose be verbose
-W, --wide don't truncate IP addresses
-n, --numeric don't resolve names
--numeric-hosts don't resolve host names
--numeric-ports don't resolve port names
--numeric-users don't resolve user names
-N, --symbolic resolve hardware names
-e, --extend display other/more information
-p, --programs display PID/Program name for sockets
-o, --timers display timers
-c, --continuous continuous listing

-l, --listening display listening server sockets
-a, --all display all sockets (default: connected)
-F, --fib display Forwarding Information Base (default)
-C, --cache display routing cache instead of FIB
-Z, --context display SELinux security context for sockets

ulimit -c unlimited

产生core文件

查找库

1
ldconfig -p | grep libpthread

说明:

ldconfig -p: 打印当前缓存所保存的所有库的名字

ldconfig主要是在默认搜寻目录/lib和/usr/lib以及动态库配置文件/etc/ld.so.conf内所列的目录下, 搜索出可共享的动态链接库(格式如lib.so),进而创建出动态装入程序(ld.so)所需的连接和缓存文件。缓存文件默认为/etc/ld.so.cache, 此文件保存已排好序的动态链接库名字列表, 为了让动态链接库为系统所共享, 需运行动态链接库的管理命令ldconfig, 此执行程序存放在/sbin目录下。

查看日志 tail -100f log/gameserver21.log